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Al-‘Abb?s ibn ‘Ali (Arabic ‎, Persian‎, Urdu ) (born 4th Sha‘b?n 26 AH – 10 Muharram 61 AH; approximately May 15, 647 – October 10, 680) was the son of Ali (the first Imam of Shiite Muslims and the fourth Caliph ofSunni Muslims, and Fatima commonly known as  - Mother of the Sons).

Abbas is revered by Shiite Muslims for his loyalty to his half-brother Hussein, his respect for the Households of Muhammad, and his role in the Battle of Karbala. Abbas is buried in the Shrine of Abbas in Karbala, Karbala Governorate, Iraq, where he was martyred during the Battle of Karbala.

Early life

Abbas was the son of Ali and Fatima. Abbas had three brothers, Abdullah ibn Ali, Jafar ibn Ali, and Usman ibn Ali. Narratives state that he did not open his eyes after he was born until his brother Hussein took him in his arms.

Abbas married a distant cousin, Lubaba. They had three sons, Fadl ibn Abbas, Qasim ibn Abbas, and Ubaydullah ibn Abbas.

Battle of Karbala

Abbas showed his loyalty to Hussein at the Battle of Karbala. After succeeding his father Muawiya I as caliph, Yazid I required Hussein to pledge allegiance to him, but Hussein refused to do so, saying,

As above act of Yazid I were/are prohibited in Islam. If Hussein would have pledged allegiance to Yazid I his act would have ruined the basics of Islam. Hussein's elder brother Hassan has done a pact that they will be responsible for religious/Islamic decisions and will not interfere in other matters, Hussein wanted to followed the pact but, Yazid I wanted to take total control. Yazid I with the help of Ubayd Allah conspires to kill Hussein by sending letter to Hussein in the name of people of Kufa (Iraq) to come to Kufa and help them follow the right path and to guide them which was accepted by Hussein. In 60 AH (680 CE), Hussein left Medina for Mecca with a small group of his companions and family to travel to Kufa. Initially, he sent his cousin, Muslim, to make his decision after the advice of his cousin. But, by the time Hussein arrived near Kufa, his cousin had been killed. On the way, Hussein and his group were intercepted. They were forced into a detour and arrived in Karbala on the 2nd of Muharram, 61 AH. Hussein's camp was surrounded and cut off from the Euphrates river. The camp ran out of water on the 7th of Muharram


The Euphrates river was occupied by Yazid I's army to prevent the camp of Hussein from getting water. Abbas, because of his skill and bravery, could have attacked Yazid I's army, occupied the river, and retrieved water for the camp alone. However, Abbas was not allowed to fight. He was only allowed to get water. Thus, he went to the river to get water for kids of Hussein's camp.[8] Sukayna was very attached to Abbas, who was her uncle. To her, Abbas was the only hope for getting water. Abbas could not see her thirsty and crying, Thy thirst!.[6] When Abbas entered the battlefield, he only had a spear, and a bag for water in his hands. He was also given the authority to hold the standard in the battle. Once he had made it to the river, he started filling the bag with water. Abbas's loyalty to Hussein was so great, that Abbas did not drink any water because he could not bear the thought that Sukayna was thirsty despite being severely thirsty himself. The essence of this event was to illustrate that Abbas conquered the Euphrates river, held it with his mighty hands, yet still did not drink. until this very day the water from Euphrates river circles the grave of Abbas. After gathering the water, Abbas rode back towards the camp. On his way back, he was struck from behind, and one of his arms was amputated. Then, he was stuck from behind again, amputating his other arm. Abbas was now carrying the water-bag in his mouth. The army of Yazid I started shooting arrows at him. One arrow hit the bag and water poured out of it. Immediately after the bag of water was hit, the enemy shot an arrow at Abbas that hit his eye.[9] One of Yazid I's men hit his head with a mace and Abbas fell off his horse without the support of his arms. As he was falling, he called, "Oh brother!", he was actually calling for his brother, Hussein. Abbas fell first onto his face before he let the standard fall.

He was killed on Friday, Muharram 10, 61 AH, near the bank of the river Euphrates. Hence, he is called Hero of Euphrates. His death is generally mourned on the night of Muharram 8 by the Shiite Muslims. Muslims (particularly Shiite Muslims) mourn the death of all martyrs of the Battle of Karbala associated with Hussein, in the Islamic month of Muharram, the first of the Islamic calendar, mainly in the first ten days. Fadl ibn Abbas and Qasim ibn Abbas, also laid down their lives in Karbala. Ubaydullah ibn Abbas lived to continue the lineage of Abbas with five sons of his own.


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Ya Abbas